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Thyroid Lumps

Everything You Need To Know About Thyroid Lumps

The human thyroid gland is a large, ductless gland located in the neck. This gland is responsible for secreting hormones that regulate growth and development through metabolism rate. Lumps that form along this area are called Thyroid Lumps. Most thyroid lump cases are benign, although the small percentage of malignant cases is worth studying closely as well.

Basic Facts About Thyroid Lumps

About 95 percent of thyroid lump cases are benign (with barely any harmful effects). Studies have shown that between five and seven percent of adults have Thyroid Lumps. About 1.5 percent of children and adolescents, meanwhile, have thyroid nodules. Benign thyroid lump cases may include thyroid adenoma, thyroiditis, thyroid cysts, and hyperplastic nodules.

What are the risk factors for this thyroid condition? This condition frequently results from a low consumption of iodine (examples of iodine-rich food products are dairy products, potatoes, and sea vegetables). The risk factors for malignancy of a benign thyroid lump rise with age, and the risk for thyroid cancers increases after radiation exposure. Those who have a family history of thyroid cancer may have increased risk of malignant thyroid lump conditions as well.

Symptoms Of Thyroid Lumps

Often asymptomatic, thyroid lump conditions are best evaluated by another person looking at the potential patient’s throat (instead of you looking at your own throat for signs of any growth). Enlargements or asymmetry in the thyroid area may be cause for more tests, but these are not necessarily cause for alarm.

A usual test being executed involves having the patient drink water and assessing whether the thyroid moves as the patient swallows. Pain experienced in the thyroid area is also a reason to get a more thorough check-up with an ENT expert. Once thoroughly studied, these lumps may turn out to be non-toxic goitre, toxic nodular goitre, Graves’ disease, Hashimoto’s disease, and solitary thyroid nodule. In other cases, these may be thyroid carcinoma, medullary cell carcinoma, thyroid lymphoma, De Quervain’s thyroiditis, and acute suppurative thyroiditis.

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