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Child ENT Singapore

Child ENT Singapore: Understanding Treatment For Nose Bleeding

Have you heard of epistaxis? In layman’s terms, epistaxis is plain and simple nose bleeding. It is defined as acute bleeding from the nostril, nasal cavity or nasopharynx. Albeit this condition is generally a benign, more often than not it causes significant anxiety especially to parents.

Child ENT Singapore And Treatment For Nose Bleeding

In children, the most common cause of nose bleeding is common colds. The nasal mucosa has abundant supply of tiny and delicate blood vessels which are susceptible to bleeding caused by nasal irritation secondary to common colds. There are also instances when nose bleeding can be caused by allergic rhinitis or sinusitis. Moreover, in rare cases epistaxis is symptom of a more serious disease such as hypertension, bleeding disorders, tumour and malignancies, hypersensitivities and arteriosclerosis which call for thorough medical assessment.

How to Manage Treatment For Nose Bleeding In Child ENT Singapore

For treatment of epistaxis, first aid plays a very significant role because the main objective of the treatment is to prevent massive loss of blood that may lead to hypovolmemic shock. Basically, hypovolmemic shock is an emergency condition that is characterised by massive volume of bodily fluid that renders the heart unable to pump adequate blood to the major organs of the body.

First and foremost, an individual who experiences an episode of epistaxis must stay calm. Most child ENTs suggest that one must sit and gently squeeze the soft portion of the nose between the thumb and finger for 10 minutes to stop the bleeding. It is important to maintain the pressure for 10 minutes before checking if the bleeding ceased. Leaning forward so as to avoid swallowing the blood and to facilitate clear airway are also recommended.

Albeit most epistaxis episodes in children can be controlled at home, it is still important to seek professional medical advice for persistent episodes of bleeding, especially if there are no associated colds or minor irritation.

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