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Treatment For Nose Bleeding

Understanding Treatment For Nose Bleeding

Have you heard of epistaxis? If not, don’t go asking for the dictionary. You may not find it there anyway. In layman’s terms, it is plain and simple nose bleeding. Epistaxis is defined as acute bleeding from the nostril, nasal cavity or nasopharynx. It is generally a benign condition but can cause significant anxiety. In most of cases, the bleeding arises from the Kiesselbach plexus, an anastomotic network of vessels in the anterior part of the nasal septum.

Treatment For Nose Bleeding—What’s The Cause?

The most common cause of nose bleeding is minor irritation like common colds. This upper respiratory tract infection occasionally leads to nasal irritation because the nasal mucosa has an abundant supply of tiny blood vessels that are usually very susceptible to bleeding. Air moving through the nose can dry and irritate its mucous membranes which may develop crusts that bleed when irritated via rubbing, picking or blowing the nose.

There are also some instances when irritation and bleeding of the nasal mucosa can be caused by allergic rhinitis or sinusitis. Sometimes these bleeding episodes also indicate other serious illnesses such as bleeding disorders, hypertension, allergies and tumour of the nose or arteriosclerosis, which require thorough medical evaluation.

How to Manage Treatment For Nose Bleeding

First aid plays a very important role in the treatment for nose bleeding. The main goal of the treatment of nose bleeding is to prevent massive blood loss, which may lead to hypovolemic shock—an emergency condition in which severe blood loss and fluid loss make the heart unable to pump enough blood to the different organs of the body.

During an episode of epistaxis, the first thing one should to is to stay calm, sit and gently squeeze the soft portion of the nose between the thumb and finger for 10 minutes. Lean forward to avoid swallowing the blood and breathe through the mouth. Wait at least 10 minutes before checking if the bleeding has stopped.

Many nose bleed incidents can be controlled this way if enough time is allowed for the bleeding to stop.  However, it is important to seek professional help for persistent episodes of nose bleeding, particularly if they are not associated with a cold or other minor irritation.

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